CRF Blog

Links on Ukraine (Part 4 — Primary Documents)

by Bill Hayes

As part of an ongoing resource, we are compiling links on the Ukrainian crisis. We will add new resources regularly, and ultimately we will combine the individual posts into a single resource on the crisis.

This post contains primary documents related to the Ukrainian crisis. Most either are in English or have been translated into English, but I have not been able to find a couple of the documents in English.

We’ll start with the constitutions of the two nations, adopted after the fall of the Soviet Union. Part of the Constitution of the Russian Federation is Article 61, Section 2, which says “The Russian Federation shall guarantee to its citizens protection and patronage abroad.” That is part of the Russian government’s justification for protecting ethnic Russians in Crimea and eastern Ukraine. The Constitution of Ukraine 1996 (Revised 2004) also has interesting parts. Its Article 111 provides procedures for impeaching the president, which do not appear to have been followed.

In 1994, an important, but apparently ignored by Russia, agreement was made: the Memorandum on Security Assurances in Connection with Ukraine’s Accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons The 1994 agreement among Russia, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Ukraine stated that in return for Ukraine’s giving up its nuclear weapons, its territorial integrity will be respected.

In 2010 came the Kharkiv Accords. Unfortunately, so far I have only found this document in Ukrainian. These accords between Russia and Ukraine extended the Russian lease of the naval base in Crimea. Once Russia annexed Crimea, it withdrew from the agreement. Here is New York Times article written in 2010 on the accords Ukraine Woos Russia With Lease Deal.

As the revolt against the Ukrainian president grew, leaders met and came up with the Agreement on the Settlement of Crisis in Ukraine (PDF). The agreement was entered into on Feb. 14, 2014 between Ukraine’s President Viktor Yanukovy, opposition leaders, members of the European Union, and the Russia Federation. But it was too late. Demonstrations continued, and the president fled the country.

Then came Russia’s move into Crimea and the vote on Crimean independence (and joining the Russian Federation). Here is the Crimean Referendum Ballot. Unfortunately, it’s not in English (although it’s on the BBC site), and I could not find a translation. But No room for ‘Nyet’ in Ukraine’s Crimea vote to join Russia at Reuters explains why the choices on the ballot are really join Russia now or a little later.

After the vote, Russian President Vladimir Putin on March 18, 2014, delivered a victorious speech to Russian Federation Council members and State Duma deputies on his annexation of Crimea: Full text of Putin’s speech on Crimea (in English).

The final document is the Geneva Statement of April 17, 2014. The United States, Russia, Ukraine, and the European Union met in Switzerland in an attempt to resolve the Ukraine crisis. This is the full text of the statement of agreement between the parties.